Alwar is a
city in the Rajasthan state of western India. It is the
administrative headquarters of Alwar District, and was formerly
the capital of the princely state of Alwar or Ulwar in British
India. The city is located around 160 km south of Delhi, and
around 150 km north of Jaipur (Capital of Rajasthan).
"Alwar" was formerly known as "Ulwar". This placed it in last
position in alphabetically ordered lists, so a king renamed it
to "Alwar" to bring it to the top. The princely state of Alwar
was founded by Pratap Singh, a Rajput of the Kachwaha lineage,
in the second half of the 18th century. His adopted son,
Bakhtawar Singh, aided the British against the Marathas. After
the battle of Laswari (1803), Alwar became the first state of
Rajputana to sign a treaty of 'Offensive and Defensive Alliance'
with the British East India Company. A few years later,
Bakhtawar Singh ventured an armed incursion into neighboring
Jaipur, the senior Kachwaha state, and the erstwhile overlord of
Bakhtawar Singh was defeated; a fresh engagement was made with
him by the HEIC, prohibiting him from political intercourse with
other states without British consent. During the Sepoy Mutiny of
1857, Raoraja Bane Singh sent a force comprised mainly of
Muslims and Rajputs, to relieve the British garrison in Agra.
The Muslims deserted and the rest were defeated by the rebels.
Pran Sukh Yadav, who fought beside Rao Tula Ram of Rewari in
1857, settled along with the kinsmen of dead soldiers at Village
Nihalpura, Behror Tehsil, of Alwar District.
Following the independence of India in 1947, Alwar acceded unto
the dominion of India. On March 18, 1948, the state merged with
three neighbouring princely states (Bharatpur, Dholpur and
Karauli) to form the Matsya Union. This union in turn merged
unto the Union of India. On May 15, 1949, it was united with
certain other princely states and the territory of Ajmer to form
the present-day Indian state of Rajasthan.
Jai Dayal Yadav and Prime Minister of Matsya Union Shobha Ram
Kumawat played a vital role in bringing education to the rural
areas of Alwar after independence..
Alwar contains many interesting and historical monuments. The city
has a beautiful lake and a picturesque valley. The Sariska National
Sanctuary is located in the Aravalli hills only a few kilometers
away from Alwar. The sanctuary, which is a Project Tiger reserve,
also boasts of many other species, including rare birds and plants.
The military cantonment of Itarana lies on the outskirts of Alwar.
It is the oldest working engine in the world. The engine was built
in the year 1855 and acquired by the Eastern Indian Railways from a
British firm. Now the train is one great means of transportation
that departs from the Delhi encampment and reaches its destination
at Alwar, in Rajasthan.
The train for its services has won National Tourism Award, which
gives a reasonable idea about its importance as well the services
rendered by it.
The train travel also comprises travel to the famous wildlife
sanctuary of Alwar Sariska National Park. ‘
The train has air-conditioned coaches with the capacity for 50
passengers. The train also has a pantry and features on board
catering. The railway department also organizes cultural programs at
Sariska, which form a part of the travel. Trips to the wildlife
sanctuary score an additional feature
For a peaceful weekend trip between Delhi and Alwar , the Fairy
Queen comes to the rescue of those bored with the same old blase
ways of traveling around the place.
The Indian Railways are the best option a tourist can ever have
while traveling within India to get to know the cultural diversity
of the country. The Fairy Queen with the privileged ones abroad
reaches the picturesque town of Alwar in Rajasthan the same day,
from where the guests will be taken to Sariska Tiger Reserve for an
overnight stay. Milk cake (a kind of sweet) made in Alwar is not
only very famous in India but is also exported from the country.