known as Kotah, is a city in the northern Indian state of
Rajasthan. Situated on the banks of Chambal River, the city is
the trade centre for an area in which cotton, millet, wheat,
coriander and oilseeds are grown; industries include cotton and
oilseed milling, textile weaving, distilling, dairying, and the
manufacture of metal handcrafts. Kota is one of the major
industrial hubs in northern India, with many prominent chemical
and engineering companies based here. The rail junction, a road
hub, lies 4.8 km (3 mi) to the north.
independent in 1579, after Bundi state in Hadoti region become
weak. Then Kotah ruled the territory which now is Kota district
and Baran district.
Kota is famous for its distinctive style of painting. Kota is
well known for its saris, stone products and a vibrant education
sector. In fact, the numerous coaching centres which prepare
aspirants for India's elite engineering and medical colleges
have given a totally new character and identity to the city. The
Crosthwaite Institute is located in Kota, as are old and new
palaces of the Maharao (the maharajahs).
Maharao Madho Singh Museum
Situated in the old palace, the museum has a superb collection of
Rajput miniature paintings of the Kota school, exquisite sculptures,
frescoes and armoury. The museum also houses a rich repository of
artistic items used by the Kota rulers.
A part of the irrigation canal system on the Chambal River, this
beautiful setting is ideal for outings and evening strolls.
The Government Museum
Housed in the Brijvilas Palace near the Kishore Sagar, the museum
displays a rich collection of rare coins, manuscripts and a
representative selection of Hadoti sculpture. Especially noteworthy
is an exquisitely sculptured statue brought here from Baroli.
Amidst the picturesque artificial lake of Kishore Sagar constructed
in 1346 AD by Prince Dher Deh of Bundi stands the enchanting little
palace of Jag Mandir. The azure waters around the red-sandstone
monument enhances its beauty. Boat-rides can be enjoyed in the lake.
The Keshar Bagh, famous for its royal cenotaphs, lies in the
Kota in Rajasthan is famous for the fine translucent muslins called
Masuria Malmal. Originally, such saris were called Masuria because
they were woven in Mysore. The weavers were subsequently brought to
Kota by Rao Kishore Singh who was a general in the Mughal army. The
weavers were brought to Kota in the late 17th and early 18th
centuries and the saris came to be known as 'Kota-Masuria'. Kota
saris are popularly known as 'Masuria' in Kota and Kotadoria outside
the state. 'Doria' means thread.
The fine-grained variety of limestone is known as Kota stone. The
rich greenish-blue and brown colours of this stone are most popular.
Kota stone is preferred for flooring and wall cladding, paving and
facades of buildings. This is because they have the unique
properties of limestones. They are very tough, non water-absorbent,
non-slip, non-porous and have excellent stain removability.
Moreover, their resistance to wear and delamination is higher than
other stones. They are available in different sizes and thicknesses.
The varieties include Kota Blue Natural, Kota Blue Honed, Kota Blue
Polished, Kota Blue Cobbles, Kota Brown Natural and Kota Brown