is a Merwar fortress in the Rajsamand District of Rajasthan
state in western India. The fort has perimeter walls that extend
36 kilometres in length, claimed to be the longest in the world
after the Great Wall of China. Over 360 temples are within the
fort, 300 ancient Jain and the rest Hindu. The vista from the
palace top typically extends tens of kilometers into the
Aravalli Range. Built during the course of the 15th century AD,
and enlarged through the 1800s, it is now accessible to the
general public as a museum.
Kumbhalgarh is also a birthplace of Maharana Pratap, the great
king and warrior of Mewar.
According to legend the Maharana of Kumbhalgarh tried so many
times to build the wall of the fort but each time failed to do
so. They consulted a local pilgrim about their construction
problems. The pilgrim advised that he be beheaded and after
cutting his head to build a temple where the head should fall,
and to build the wall and the fort where the rest of his body
lay. Following his advice, they succeed in building the world's
second largest wall.
Kumbhalgarh is the second most important bastion in
the Mewar region, after Chittorgarh. Where it now stands, was once
the site of an ancient citadel dating back to the 2nd century AD.
That citadel belonged to a Jain descendant of India's Mauryan
emperors. Rana Kumbha founded the fort of Kumbhalgarh in the 15th
century. Kumbhalgarh in Rajasthan, India is one of the few forts in
India that remain unconquered till date. One of the reasons behind
this is the inaccessibility and hostile topography of the fort.
Maharana Fateh Singh got the fort renovated in the 19th century.
The fort provided refuge to the rulers of Mewar in the times of
conflict, especially Udai, the baby king of Mewar. It is also the
birthplace of Maharana Pratap, a legendary King of Mewar. The fort
was made in such a way to protect it against the enemy forces.
Encircling the fort is a 36 km long wall, with width thick enough to
accommodate eight horses abreast. A self-sufficient fort,
Kumbhalgarh was built with almost everything within its premises,
with a view to endure a long siege. A number of palaces as well as
temples inside the fort add to its appeal. Only once in its
lifetime, the fort fell to the combined Mughal and Amber armies,
that to because of a scarcity of drinking water.
Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary
Spread over an area of 578 sq km, the Kumbhalgarh wildlife sanctuary
is home to a wide variety of wildlife. Wolf, leopards, sloth bear,
hyena, jackal, jungle cat, nilgai, four horned antelope, chinkara,
grey jungle fowl and a number of other animals inhabit this
sanctuary. A birds watcher's paradise, the sanctuary serves as a
habitat of peacocks, doves, red spur owls, parakeets, golden oriole,
gray pigeons, bulbul, white breasted kingfisher, etc..