Ranthambore / Sawai Madhopur
is a city and a municipality in Sawai Madhopur District in the
Indian state of Rajasthan. It is the administrative headquarters
of Sawai Madhopur District.
It is home to the Ranthambore National Park and the historic
Ranthambore fortress, which lies within the national park.
Sawai Madopur was built as a planned city by Maharaja Sawai
Madho Singh I of Jaipur (1750-1768), who named the township
Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore is a national park and tiger reserve in Rajasthan
state of western India. It is located in Sawai Madhopur district
of southeastern Rajasthan, about 130 km from Jaipur, which is
also the nearest airport. The nearest town and railway station
is at Sawai Madhopur, 11 km away.
The park lies at the edge of a plateau, and is bounded to the
north by the Banas River and to the south by the Chambal River.
There are several lakes in the park. It is named for the
historic Ranthambore fortress, which lies within the national
park. The park covers an area of 392 kmē, and is famous for its
tiger population, and is one of India's Project Tiger reserves.
Other major wild animals include the Leopard, Indian Wild Dog or
Red Dog , Wild Pig, variety of Deer i.e. Sambar, Chital and the
Gaur. It is also home to wide variety of trees, plants, birds
National Park area: 275 kmē core area. 392 kmē including buffer
Tiger Reserve area: 1334 kmē
Altitude: 215 to 505 meters above sea level
Terrain: Dense tropical dry forest, open bushland and rocky terrain
interspread with lakes and streams
Ecoregion: Kathiarbar-Gir dry deciduous forests
Best Season: between November to March
Ranthambore was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in
1955 by the Indian Government, and was declared one of the Project
Tiger reserves in 1973. Ranthambore became a national park in 1980.
In 1984 the adjacent forests were declared the Sawai Man Singh
Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, and in 1991 the tiger reserve was
enlarged to include Sawai Man Singh and Keladevi sanctuaries, a
totally tropical lilt.
As of 2005, there are 26 tigers living in Ranththambore. The
population of tigers has rapidly dropped. In 1982, 44 tigers were
alive, but in 1992, there were only around 18. Poaching is a big
problem in Ranthambore.