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 Ranthambore / Sawai Madhopur  :
Sawai Madhopur is a city and a municipality in Sawai Madhopur District in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is the administrative headquarters of Sawai Madhopur District.

It is home to the Ranthambore National Park and the historic Ranthambore fortress, which lies within the national park.

Sawai Madopur was built as a planned city by Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh I of Jaipur (1750-1768), who named the township after himself.

Ranthambore National Park
Ranthambore is a national park and tiger reserve in Rajasthan state of western India. It is located in Sawai Madhopur district of southeastern Rajasthan, about 130 km from Jaipur, which is also the nearest airport. The nearest town and railway station is at Sawai Madhopur, 11 km away.

The park lies at the edge of a plateau, and is bounded to the north by the Banas River and to the south by the Chambal River. There are several lakes in the park. It is named for the historic Ranthambore fortress, which lies within the national park. The park covers an area of 392 kmē, and is famous for its tiger population, and is one of India's Project Tiger reserves. Other major wild animals include the Leopard, Indian Wild Dog or Red Dog , Wild Pig, variety of Deer i.e. Sambar, Chital and the Gaur. It is also home to wide variety of trees, plants, birds and reptiles.

General information :
National Park area: 275 kmē core area. 392 kmē including buffer zone.
Tiger Reserve area: 1334 kmē
Altitude: 215 to 505 meters above sea level
Terrain: Dense tropical dry forest, open bushland and rocky terrain interspread with lakes and streams
Ecoregion: Kathiarbar-Gir dry deciduous forests
Best Season: between November to March

History
Ranthambore was established as the Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955 by the Indian Government, and was declared one of the Project Tiger reserves in 1973. Ranthambore became a national park in 1980. In 1984 the adjacent forests were declared the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary and Keladevi Sanctuary, and in 1991 the tiger reserve was enlarged to include Sawai Man Singh and Keladevi sanctuaries, a totally tropical lilt.

Tigers :
As of 2005, there are 26 tigers living in Ranththambore. The population of tigers has rapidly dropped. In 1982, 44 tigers were alive, but in 1992, there were only around 18. Poaching is a big problem in Ranthambore.

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